Australian standards provide the necessary guidelines to identify the quality of fasteners in AS/NZS 1252-1996. The quality assurance of high strength bolt assemblies and associated risk is distributed amongst the whole supply chain. Vigilance is needed in checking and demanding quality documentation from the suppliers to maintain traceability and transparency in accordance with Australian Trade Practices. The ultimate responsibility and risk should be passed to the supplier/manufacturer where applicable and it is only a culture of vertical integration with respect to quality assurance checking that will shift this risk back to the source. Penalties are high for failure to provide an adequate duty of care. ASI TechNote #1-06 Rev B January 2007.