This article comprises Chapter 1 of the Steel - Framing the Future project report. It describes the decline in the proportion of structural steel framed multi-storey buildings over several decades. It describes the formation of the Issues Groups whose work formed the core of the project, provides a situation analysis and contrasts the industry with overseas experiences. Extract from Steel - Framing the Future, The Warren Centre, 2007. Full report available for purchase at http://purl.library.usyd.edu.au/sup/9781920898786 (hard copy) or http://purl.library.usyd.edu.au/sup/9781920898793 (CDROM).